Mac Tutorial for Windows Users
The OSX interface works exceptional, however it works otherwise from Windows, and it could throw you off if Windows is all you recognize. In case each person else is following the equal trail, on this manual to OSX for Home windows customers I have set down the OSX features that I’ve located essential to understand whilst I use OSX.
Information the Quirks of the Mac Interface
To avoid frustration, there are some matters about the mac interface that a Home windows person wishes to apprehend.
At the lowest of the display, you may see the dock bar that suggests a number of common applications and shortcuts. That dock bar is not just a “quick launch” bar. It’s also where you click on to get lower back to that Firefox window you opened ten minutes in the past: clicking again will no longer open some other instance of Firefox. In other words, these icons combine the jobs of the Windows quick release icons and open programs’ taskbar buttons.
The Menu of a Utility
On OSX, an application’s menu isn’t always on the top of its window, as in Home windows. Rather, the menu is pinned to the top of the screen. In case, you’ve opened several programs and transfer among them by clicking their icon on the dock bar, you may see that the top menu changes with every click on.
Running with Windows
– Do not search for that “maximize window” button on the pinnacle proper: on OSX, such buttons are at the top left.
– Be aware that the pink button does now not near the Utility. As an alternative, it minimizes it to the dock. To shut an Application, select Quit from the menu at the top of the display, or hit the Home windows key (Command on a mac keyboard) + Q.
– To resize a window, Don’t waste time trying to clutch the perimeters. Alternatively, intention for the decrease proper nook.
Mac Basics: “Report Manager”, “Manage Panel”
Before we get into anything fancy, let’s get a pair Mac Basics out of the manner: wherein to locate documents and in which to alter settings.
Document Manager: “Finder”
The OSX Report Supervisor is known as “Finder”. You can find it on the lowest dock (it has a photograph of guys kissing inner a rectangular).
The tree on the left does no longer can help you get entry to all the documents on the pressure. As an instance, you can not navigate to the basis. What to do If you want to peer the /etc folder? Select Move / Visit Folder than input /etc.
In case, you’d Alternatively use an industrial Document Manager for strength users, OSX has not anything like Listing Opus, but Course Finder and Forklift are steps inside the proper route.
Manipulate Panel: “Device Alternatives”
The OSX Manipulate panel is known as “System Alternatives”. You could locate it on the lowest dock (it has a gray icon representing cogs and wheels). You may also open a Finder window and navigate to applications / Device Options.
The use of Home windows keyboard keys on a Mac
In case, you’re Using a Home windows keyboard to power a Mac, sooner or later you will need to translate a manual that tells you to apply the “Command” or “Option” keys. Right here’s the code:
Command = Windows (the important thing with the Windows image)
Choice = Alt
The way to Pressure Cease a Striking Software on a Mac
Mac fundamentalists may beat your eardrums approximately how their macs “just paintings”, but I have by no means had programs hold so regularly as on a Mac. This became quite painful until I found out the equal of the undertaking Manager.
Click on the Home windows key + Alt + Break out (on a Mac: Command-Alternative-Break out). This opens the “Pressure Give up” window.
To peer all walking strategies, You could run applications / Utilities / Open Pastime Screen.
F11 Display the Computer (equal to Home windows + M or Windows + D)
Command-Choice-H (Win-Alt-H) Hides all Windows besides contemporary Application
Command-Tab (Win-Tab) equal as Alt-Tab in Home windows—it cycles via the open Home windows
Command-W (Win-W) identical as Ctrl + W: near current window
Command-Q (Win-Q) End Software
Command-comma (Win-comma) Possibilities (in maximum applications)
Command-Shift-3 (Win-Shift-3) Similar to Print display screen, it takes a snapshot of the display and saves it to the Laptop
Command-Alternative-Esc (Win-Alt-Esc) Force-Cease programs
Command-Delete) Delete the selected Document
Command-E) Eject the chosen USB tool
Command-Area (Win-Area) The Highlight search box, which You could use as a calculator
Command-Shift-Hyphen Em dash
Shortcuts are called Aliases. Like in Home windows, You may create them by means of proper-clicking.
Putting in and Uninstalling packages
For a few motive, this procedure has a number of steps that don’t exist on Home windows. First, you click on a dmg Record. This extracts what looks as if a digital drive to your Computing device. You click on that drive. From the folder that opens, you presently want to tug the Utility into the applications folder.
Uninstalling is easier: from the packages folder, you simply drag the program’s icon to the trash bin.
Startups on the Mac
Applications that run at start-up can be disabled in System Options / Bills / Login Items.
Changing Document Associations
Proper-click on a Document of the type for which you’d want to trade Associations. Pick out “Open With”, pick out the Application, and Choose “trade All”.
Report Renaming: “A Higher Finder Rename”
Superior customers frequently need a utility to carry out complex renaming operations on masses of files at a time. Pathfinder does a negative right task with that. You could hear of a loose app referred to as Call Changer, however Rather I entire-heartedly advise A Higher Finder Rename, that’s full-featured and reasonably priced (twenty greenbacks).
If you’re a regex seasoned (my normal expressions academic will take you a protracted manner in that course), You can Go directly to the regex mode and preview the outcomes of your renaming machinations. But what I like about A Better Finder Rename is that I’m able to train my Mac consumer pals to use it, as it has a bunch of superbly concept-through alternatives permitting non-geeks to construct complicated rename operations in a chain of easy steps—similar to layers in Photoshop—and to preview the consequences until they may be equipped to press “Cross”.
Name Mangler is a first rate opportunity.
Many Advanced operations can handiest be done from a terminal window (the equivalent of the cmd set off in Home windows). The Terminal lives in programs / Utilities. It’s possibly a terrific idea to make a shortcut to it in the dock. Once in the Terminal, you are The usage of Unix syntax. Often, you may want root privileges. For that, kind sudo su -.
From the terminal, You can use an editor called nano (certainly one of several editors). As an instance, you would kind nano myfile.Txt
Now not specifically useful, however from the terminal You can invoke a speech command called say: For example, say good day global.
Right here is greater approximately the Terminal.
Modifying the Hosts Record
On OSX, the hosts Document is /and many others/hosts. To edit it, You may open an example of your text editor (see TextWrangler within the Freeware phase beneath), with a purpose to ask you for a password a good way to change the Record. You can also change the Document from the command line: from the Terminal window with root privileges (sudo su -), kind nano /and so on/hosts.
After enhancing the hosts, flush the cache in the Terminal: dscacheutil -flushcache.
Mac customers have a free media player that they prefer to gloat approximately. It is known as VLC. They Don’t tell you this, but the motive they love it is that it solves one of the Mac’s hectic inclinations—to the best play the narrow array of Record formats advocated by the “Gods” in Cupertino. Of root, VLC is likewise to be had for Windows and Linux. However, no one of their proper mind would use VLC on Windows, due to the fact there are approximately 5 different free media players you’d deploy Before looking to examine VLC. Certainly, as compared with PotPlayer and the KMPlayer, VLC feels like It is still 1995.
I point out this as it’s symbolic of the freeware situation on Mac. Unluckily, OSX has not anything just like the plethora of fantastic freeware You could discover on Windows (click on “freeware categories”). On a Macintosh, you can spend hundreds of bucks for mediocre apps and only come half of-way in capability to what you’ll get free of charge with the Windows equivalent. Despite the fact that, there are some of freeware applications for OSX.